One thing we cannot deny is the fact that the careless use of conventional plastics has become a serious threat to the safety of our natural environment. Not only are they capable of releasing toxins during the many, many years needed for their complete decomposition, but they also accumulate around the oceans and travel great distances due to the ocean currents.
This is something that may even form islands of trash in the middle of the ocean, depending on the density of waste present. Thankfully, bioplastics are on the rise and they are a much better alternative to the more conventional plastics used by industries around the world. They are biodegradable in a much more efficient way, allowing the same usefulness as a material with a much smaller ecological impact on the environment.
Bioplastics have a climate neutrality due to a few reasons. The first thing you will need to note is that all raw materials derived from plants are climate neutral due to the excellent way the degrade over time in a safe manner. To have a completely climate neutral material however, one must consider the entire process of creating, from the raw materials being collected, through the processing phase and all the way to its use and disposal.
Some processes can be pretty harmful, such as the nitrous oxide created by some fertilizing efforts, so not all ways end up being safe for the environment. If a company sticks to sustainability in mind when it comes to production and packing as well as disposal, then the end result will be a positive one in terms of safety.
Biodegradable bioplastics can be obtained from a raw materials with renewable origins, creating a closed carbon cycle as a result. The needed biomass for proper production of such plastics can be made by the growth and composting of plants, thus helping the binding of CO2 to the soil. Even in cases where bioplastics are incinerated for the purpose of producing power, the CO2 produced as a result will be the same as it was used for the plants. Regardless of that bioplastics composting still needs a specialized environment which exists in industrial complexes.
Using renewable resources for the production of bioplastics will help lower the overall dependence of petroleum around the world. Due to the constant increase of oil demands, this is a necessary step toward a better distribution of resources, as prices will be under better control, compared to the rising price of oil.
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