Biotechnology is often used to refer to genetic engineering technology of the 21st century. A wider range and history of procedures for modifying biological organisms according to the needs of humanity, going back to the initial modifications of native plants into improved food crops through artificial selection and hybridization. Bioengineering is the science upon which all biotechnological applications are based. With the development of new approaches and modern techniques, traditional biotechnology industries are also acquiring new horizons enabling them to improve the quality of their products and increase the productivity of their systems.
The bioplastics have been developed and will be tested as a raw material for hi-tech hog feeders that use RFID technologies. The advent of modern chemistry and the growth of the petrochemical industry resulted in the development of new materials, plastics and polymers, that frequently surpassed older, renewable materials in both cost and performance.
Today, the global polymer and plastics industry produces over 300 billion pounds of material per year. Key to the success of this industry has been the development of new catalysts, which allow the formation of building block monomers and their subsequent polymerization to be carried out with high selectivity and efficiency.
The tools of modern biotechnology now make it possible to precisely incorporate nature’s catalysts enzymes into microbial and plant bio factories, to produce a broad, versatile family of useful polymers Mirels. Mirels are based on the use of sustainable raw materials, ultimately carbon dioxide and water, transformed by the sun’s energy through the process of photosynthesis.
The discovery that certain soil microbes evolved with the ability to store energy in the form of Mirels, which accumulate as discrete, inert granules inside the cells, rather like tennis balls in a sock, showed that nature had provided the means to produce potentially useful plastics. Research groups throughout the world have demonstrated the ability of microbes to use an enormous number of different building blocks to produce novel Mirel Bioplastic structures. By using different building blocks, the properties of Bioplastics can be varied from hard and stiff materials to very elastic ones.