Biodegradable plastics have found application in many fields around the world, mostly packaging and they happen to be breaking into new markets, specifically medical products. One reason why such products are on the rise is that they have great advantages compared to the more traditional solutions. Another reason is the constant need for innovation and improvement for devices both in the regular electronics field and for medical purposes. Applications for such plastics can be found in the following fields:
• Medical Implants
The use of biodegradable plastics is a great way of improving medical implants, turning it into a fast growing area of the global market of orthopedics. Biomaterials are often used to help surgical applications, fracture fixation plates, artificial tendons, joint replacements, bone defect fillers, bone cements and ligaments and more. They can also be used in prosthetics up to a point, which largely makes them extremely useful in almost all situations concerning the human body.
Other ways of applying them to medicine is to help with burns, sutures, dressing wounds, dental implants, drug delivery, ophthalmic purposes, cochlear implants and cardiovascular solutions among other things. Devices implanted into the body have been helping patients in one form or another. For the most part we have been using a number of metals such as titanium and other solutions in most cases, allowing a good balance between strength and weight as well as the necessary resistance to corrosion.
While titanium and other metals have these advantages, they also have a number of disadvantages such as difficulty with growth restriction, temperature sensitivity, operations needed for removal of implants, radiotherapy and imaging interference and even cross-contamination.
• Delivering Drugs
There is a developing interest in biodegradable polymers for drug delivery, such as coatings on medical devices and even entirely biodegradable devices. There are a number of reliable clearance companies on the market which are working on such solutions that may be implemented into the daily lives of patients in hospitals around the world.
• Hernia Repair
There is a solution for hernia sufferers in the face of a biodegradable component made of polyarylate derived from tyrosine. They can be used to help fix and alleviate the problem after years of research in the human body’s metabolites. The resulting solutions allow for a strong structural and drug plastics capable of solving things safely, since they can allow good placement during surgery. When the operation is complete the coating will be reabsorbed in time, leaving only negligible amounts of materials in the body.